Facts, stats and incidents

2019 reported infringements

January February March   April May  
CTA (includes airways) 30 24 25 40 65
TMA 13 22 25 22 32
CTR 9 21 15 34 32
ATZ 6 4 6 9 14
Restricted/Prohibited/Danger Areas 2 0 7 2 6
Temporary Restricted/Prohibited/Danger Areas 0 0 0 1 2
TMZ 3 4 5 5 7
RMZ 1 3 2 4 5
Total reported airspace infringements 64 78 85 117 163

 

Infringement Coordination Group (ICG) CAP1404 decisions

Each month the CAA will publish statistical data of infringement Mandatory Occurrence Reports (MORs) processed under CAP1404 by the CAA’s Infringement Coordination Group (ICG). The IGC is a cross-organisational regulatory group comprising members of the CAA and one member of the Military Aviation Authority (MAA). Full details are included in CAP1404.

The MORs processed do not correspond numerically to those reported in the same month. This is due to the time taken to collate MOR, pilot and supporting supplementary reports. MORs are read by the ICG when one or more of the following exist:

  • Loss of separation
  • Safety intervention measures implemented including, for example, avoiding action, radar vectors, cessation of departures, holding
  • Repeat infringement by registration/callsign
  • Repeat infringement by pilot-in-command

ICG decisions made in June 2019

Course of action  Number   Summary
Closed with No Further Action   5
  • Transponder unserviceability confirmed by licenced engineer, no infringement occurred (3)
  • Investigation confirmed no infringement occurred (1)
  • Student (1)
Warning letter   19
  • includes (10) warning letters to close the occurrence – see note below (*).
On-line test   1
Flight training   1
  • Safety intervention measures applied
Airspace Infringement Awareness Course (AIAC)   18
  • Loss of separation (4)
  • Safety intervention measures applied (7)
  • Safety impact/other where training deemed required (5)
  • Repeat airspace infringement having not already attended AIAC (2)
Provisional suspensions   5
  • Infringed active danger area resulting in suspension of live firing. Pilot flying without a valid licence (1)
  • Infringement of Controlled Airspace whilst flying without a valid licence (1)
  • Pilot repeat infringer – previously attended AIAC (1)
  • Pilot repeat infringer – previously attended AIAC (1). Infringements resulted in safety intervention measures and a loss of separation.
  • Multiple (4) airspace infringements in 2 flights over 2 days including safety intervention measures applied (1)
Ongoing investigations   4
Licence revocation   0

 

(*) Warning letters

Pilots who are the subject of airspace infringement MORs that do not meet the criteria of those processed by the ICG are contacted by the CAA to notify them of their potential infringement and to request a pilot report.

Once the investigation is complete, and if an airspace infringement is confirmed, the pilot will be sent a warning letter to close the occurrence.

This action has been in effect since the 1 June 2019.

May 2019 ICG decisions

ICG decisions made in May 2019
Course of action  Number   Summary
Closed with No Further Action   7
  • Pilot did not infringe; MOR based on visual sighting report (1)
  • Student pilots (5)
  • Transponder unserviceability confirmed by licenced engineer  (1)
Warning letter   7
On-line test   0
Airspace Infringement Awareness Course (AIAC)   23
  • Loss of separation (7)
  • Safety intervention measures (12)
  • Safety impact/other (2)
  • Repeat infringing pilot having not already attended AIAC (2)
Provisional suspensions   3
  • Repeat infringing pilot causing stop on departures; pilot previous attended AIAC
  • Repeat Infringing pilot; previously attended AIAC
  • Repeat (3) infringing pilot plus other safety related data
Ongoing investigations   2
Licence revocation   0

 

April 2019 ICG decisions

ICG decisions made in April 2019
Course of action  Number   Summary
Closed with No Further Action  0
Warning letter  4
On-line test  1
Airspace Infringement Awareness Course (AIAC)  15
  • Safety intervention measures (7)
  • Safety impact/other (5)
  • Multiple airspace infringements in one flight (2)
  • Repeat airspace infringement having not already attended AIAC (1)
Provisional suspensions  0
  • Second airspace infringement having attended AIAC
Ongoing investigations  2
Licence revocation  0

 

March 2019 ICG decisions

ICG decisions made in March 2019
Course of action  Number   Summary
Closed with No Further Action  3
  • Transponder unserviceability confirmed by licenced engineer, no airspace infringement (3)
Warning letter  4
On-line test  3
Airspace Infringement Awareness Course (AIAC)  13
  • Loss of separation (3)
  • Safety intervention measures (5)
  • Safety impact/other (5)
Provisional suspensions  1
  • Second airspace infringement having attended AIAC
Ongoing investigations  5
Licence revocation  0

 

February 2019 ICG decisions

ICG decisions made in February 2019

Course of action  Number   Summary
Closed with No Further Action  2
  • Transponder unserviceability confirmed by licenced engineer, no airspace infringement (1)
  • Investigation proved no infringement (1)
Warning letter  12
On-line test  4
Airspace Infringement Awareness Course (AIAC)  10
  • Loss of separation (2)
  • Safety intervention measures (2)
  • Safety impact/other (1)
  • Repeat airspace infringement having not already attended AIAC (2)
  • Multiple airspace infringements in one flight (1)
  • Pilot previously assigned online test but unable to operate a computer (1)
  • Pilot previously failed online test (1)
Provisional suspensions  3
  • Airspace infringement plus multiple safety related MOR
  • Double airspace infringement on one flight requiring multiple  safety intervention measures
  • Third airspace infringement having attended AIAC
Ongoing investigations  3
Licence revocation  0

 

January 2019 ICG decisions

ICG decisions made in January 2019
Course of action  Number   Summary
Closed with No Further Action   1
  • Transponder unserviceability confirmed by licenced engineer, no airspace infringement (1)
Warning letter  4
On-line test  2
Airspace Infringement Awareness Course (AIAC)  17
  • Loss of separation (2)
  • Safety intervention measures (4)
  • Safety impact/other (10)
  • Repeat airspace infringement having not already attended AIAC (1)
Provisional suspensions   1
  • Pilot infringed controlled airspace without a valid licence
Ongoing investigations   6
Licence revocation   0

 

Infringement statistics: 2017 and 2018

Year 2017 2018
Total reported airspace infringements 1162 1358
Airspace infringements reported December 2018 55
CTA (includes TMA and Airways) 812* 706
CTR 285
* 2017 CTA and CTR combined
ATZ 97 130
Restricted/Prohibited/Danger Areas (perm and temp) 81 87
TMZ 57 76
RMZ 115 74

Airspace infringements: 2018 statistics

Causal factor analysis of airspace infringements

Analysis of airspace infringement reports from 2017 has shown that the correct use of a moving map could have helped avoid 85% of airspace infringements.

Occurrence reports from private pilots were assessed against four key measures that could have helped prevent the infringement or reduced its impact on other air traffic or controllers:

  • Use of moving maps with an airspace warning
  • Use of a frequency monitoring code (FMC), also known as a listening squawk
  • Recognition of/dealing with overload and distraction
  • Better familiarity with aircraft and equipment

The report was carried out by a sub-group of the CAA’s Airspace Infringement Working Group, made up of three experienced General Aviation pilots.

Read the full report: Causal Factor Analysis of Airspace Infringements 2017

Airspace infringement series: A controller’s story

A series of controller’s stories from NATS

Mark Davenport, an air traffic controller at Swanwick centre, talks about his experience with airspace infringements. Airspace Infringement Series: A controller’s story… (20 May 2019)

Brian Ringrose is an air traffic controller at Swanwick centre. He talks about his experience looking after airspace around Gatwick. Airspace infringement series: A controller’s story (12 April 2019)

Amanda Rhodes is an air traffic controller at Swanwick Centre.  She talks about her experience looking after airspace around Luton Airport. Airspace Infringement Series: A controller’s story (22 March 2019)

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