Pre-flight planning


  • Ensure that you have a current aeronautical chart
  • Check which listening squawks and frequencies cover your planned route.
  • Check NOTAMs: For up to date information on specific NOTAM, including Restricted Areas (Temporary), Airspace Upgrades and Emergency Restrictions of Flying, you can call the AIS Information Line on 08085 354802 or +44 (0)1489 887515.
  • Check the local and en-route weather and check again just before flight.

Pre-flight planning tools

A number of online pre-flight planning tools are available. They can help safely and easily plan a Visual Flight Rules (VFR) flights in and around busy airspace. They can also be used to check NOTAMS.

NATS (National Air Traffic Services) has awarded its Safety Compliance Mark to SkyDemon Light. The mark indicates that the product complies with functionality set out by NATS to enhance flight safety.

A free, cut-down version of the full SkyDemon service designed for the UK. The software is an aid to VFR flight planning and navigation, designed to enhance situational awareness:

Planning to fly in Dutch airspace?

Based on the success of Frequncy Monitoring Codes (FMC) in the UK the Dutch have introduced two FMC. If you are planning to fly below Schiphol TMA 1, Schiphol CTR 2 or 3, or fly in Rotterdam TMA 1 of 2 you can use one of the new transponder codes.

Download Dutch Frequency Monitoring Code Poster


Always have a Plan B. If you are planning a controlled airspace (CAS) crossing, ensure that you have a back-up to avoid the airspace in case a clearance without delay is not possible.



Listening squawks and LARS frequencies

Preparing your R/T transmissions

To increase your chances of transiting controlled airspace plan your route and prepare your R/T transmissions.

Download R/T – Prepare your transmissions

Flying within an ATZ

Aerodrome Traffic Zones (ATZ) are established to give protection to
aircraft at the critical stages of flight when departing, arriving and flying in the vicinity of an aerodrome.

Download Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ)

Birmingham VFR guide

Birmingham Airport Air Traffic has created a dedicated website to help pilots identify the visual reference points (VRPs) around its airspace and help reduce airspace infringements. The website includes information on various VRPs and guidance on how to fly safely near controlled airspace.

Hawarden Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ)

Sherburn In Elmet (EGCJ) Departure and arrival procedures

Stansted Transponder Mandatory Zone (TMZ)

Two Stansted TMZs were established in 2009 due to the large number and severity of controlled airspace infringements.

To enter a TMZ you MUST have an operational Mode S transponder, with altitude information. Suitably equipped aircraft may access a London Stansted TMZ without ATC approval although pilots are strongly recommended to establish communication with Farnborough LARS or Essex radar. Alternatively make use of the Listening Squawk (A7013).

Download Stansted TMZ A5 card

Keep reading

Hot-spot updates

Warwick revisited

Infringement avoidance

Learn more

Pre-flight planning

Learn more

Pilot knowledge updates

Removal of Warwick VRP

Recovery planning

Avoiding infringements

Denied airspace access?

Online reporting form